Asteroid orbital transfer method

一种小行星变轨方法

Abstract

本发明涉及涉及一种小行星变轨方法。该方法以太阳帆与小行星构成绳系编队飞行系统改变小行星轨道,首先太阳帆向后水平抛出连接着系绳的系绳锁,太阳帆绕小行星一周后捕获系绳锁,并与系绳锁对接,然后收缩系绳使系绳捆绑在小行星表面;借助小行星的自转将太阳帆甩开;然后通过调节太阳帆的姿态来调节太阳帆所受到的光压力大小,并通过系绳将作用力传递到小行星上,利用这个作用力逐渐减小小行星的自转速度;待小行星自转速度降低之后通过调节太阳帆的姿态,转移至低能转移轨道。本方法有益效果在于既能解除小行星对地球的威胁,又不会破坏小行星的结构和成分,而且可以长期变轨从而控制小行星成为人类行星际探测的中转站。
The invention relates to an asteroid orbital transfer method. According to the asteroid orbital transfer method, an asteroid orbit is changed through a tether formation flight system composed of a solar sail and an asteroid. The asteroid orbital transfer method comprises the steps that the solar sail backwards and horizontally throws out a tether lock connected with a tether, the solar sail captures the tether lock after circling the asteroid for a circle, and is in butt joint with the tether lock, and then the tether is retracted so that the tether can be bound to the surface of the asteroid; the solar sail is thrown off through autorotation of the asteroid; the light pressure borne by the solar sail is adjusted by adjusting the posture of the solar sail, acting force is transmitted to the asteroid through the tether, and the autorotation speed of the asteroid is gradually reduced through the acting force; after the autorotation speed of the asteroid is reduced, the asteroid is transferred to a low-energy transfer orbit through adjustment of the posture of the solar sail. The asteroid orbital transfer method has the advantages that the threat caused by the asteroid to the earth is removed, the structure and the ingredients of the asteroid cannot be damaged, long-term orbital transfer can be carried out, and therefore the asteroid can be controlled to serve as a transfer station for interplanetary exploration of the human.

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    CN-104249819-ADecember 31, 2014上海新跃仪表厂Method for capturing and manipulating asteroid
    CN-104326095-AFebruary 04, 2015燕山大学Charge force traction gear for dispersoid minor planets